"In her book The Color of Welfare, Jill Quadango has done an outstanding job of showing how, in the 1960s, when antipoverty programs (including the expansion of welfare eligibility) became linked to African-Americans’ pursuit of civil rights, many white Americans turned sour on these social programs that benefits the poor, especially the Black poor. A 1971 study of how “the public” felt about welfare concluded: “[I]t seems fair to say that many of the objections expressed by whites to current welfare programs were in effect anti-black biases, not always so thinly disguised … It seems likely that negative expressions about welfare and welfare recipients are a socially acceptable channel for persons with politically conservative attitudes to express a basically negative attitude toward blacks at a time when blatant expressions of prejudice are not acceptable.”

In fact, many white Americans came to believe in the late 1960s and early 1970s that the chief “accomplishment” of the civil rights movement and its partner, the federal government, was the creation of the bad, scamming woman: the Welfare Queen. One expert found hat the media had a lot to do with assigning Blackness and negativity to this image in the civil rights era. Newspapers and magazines usually provided pictures of white people to accompany articles about “The poor” between 1950 and 1964. When the Saturday Evening Post published a defense of welfare in 1952 after featuring a number of harsh criticisms, the photos illustrating “The Case for Federal Relief” showed white children nicely dressed on their way to church. But “starting in 1965, the complexion of the poor turned decidedly darker. From only 27% in 1964, the proportion of African Americans in pictures of the poor increased to 49% and 53% in 1965 and 1966, and then to 72% in 1967, During this period about 30 percent of poor people were African Americans.

The study of representations of the poor showed that when publications depicted poor people sympathetically, the images were usually of white people, but that “pictures of African Americans [were] disproportionately used to illustrate the most negative aspects of poverty and the least sympathetic subgroups of the poor. And one of the least sympathetic subgroups was the iconic poor woman of color, a “person” many Americans associated with the figure of the prostitute: she had sex for money—the money she got from the government for having children. Since her children were so ill-gotten, this woman was imagined as thoroughly alienated from them. One commentator in the New York Times described such a mother in 1965 as hating her children for being alive. By the mid-1960s the growing belief in the Welfare Queen was reinforced by an overlapping believe that poor Black mothers were illegitimate mothers of illegitimate children, were illegitimate caretakers, and out to get jobs."
— Rickie Solinger, Beggars and Choosers: How the Politics of Choice Shapes Adoption, Abortion, and Welfare in the United States (via thecurvature)

(via seriouslyamerica)


if genitals don’t touch/aren’t touched in your fic, you had better not rate it anything higher than PG-13/Teen. R for violence my fucking ass. You’re not the MPAA, this isn’t a movie. if I walk into your R-rated fic and all they do is kiss a little, I’m going to curse your crops and come for your children like a fucking thief in the goddamn night.

(Source: punkderekarchive, via goldstarprivilege)


And so begins the essay writing marathon. *cries*


(Source: polynesianhermione)


chief keef got way too much money to always be stuck in a cocoa butter drought

(Source: ethiopienne)


Azealia Banks Barely Legal

Produced by Lindbergh Palace

(Source: thedevilsharvest)